Rhinoplasty is a surgical procedure to repair or reshape the nose. It can make your nose larger or smaller, straighten the bridge, reshape the tip, narrow the opening of the nostrils, and change the angle between your nose and upper lip. It can also be used to correct defects resulting from trauma or birth, and may be used to help individuals with breathing difficulties. It is one of the most common plastic surgery procedures, and offers excellent results.
A rhinoplasty can change the size, width and profile of your nose. It can smooth out depressions or bumps on the bridge, and fix an imperfect nasal tip (one that is too large, droopy or curves upward). Large or wide nostrils may be reshaped, and a deviated septum can be corrected. Rhinoplasty is a common and safe procedure, but there are risks inherent with any surgery. These include infection, bleeding, pain, bruising, swelling, numbness, nasal asymmetry, skin contour irregularities, and perforations in the nasal septum.
Surgery is performed using either a local or general anesthetic. It typically takes an hour or two, but when more complex restructuring is required the procedure may last longer. An incision is made – usually inside the nostrils – and the nose is either reduced or augmented using cartilage from other parts of the body. If a deviated septum needs to be corrected, it is straightened. Once the nasal structure has been reshaped, the incisions are closed and the patient is given a splint and packing to help support the nose as it heals.
Most patients return home the same day, though more complicated procedures may require a brief hospital stay. The patient will be asked to rest in bed immediately after the surgery, keeping their head elevated in order to reduce swelling and bleeding. Dressings usually come off after a week. The patient may experience puffiness in the face and minor bruising for a few days while they heal. Rhinoplasty usually offers permanent results, though it may take up to a year for these to be fully noticeable.