Colorectal surgery may be necessary for a number of conditions. Some of these include hemorrhoids, anal fissures, fistulas, severe constipation, fecal incontinence, rectal prolapse, imperforate anus, Crohn’s disease, colorectal cancer, anal cancer, object removal and injury/trauma to the anus. Our surgeons are specialized experts in this field, offering surgical solutions utilizing the latest advances in technology and study.
The small bowel, sometimes called the small intestine, is about one inch in diameter and can range from 20 to 30 feet in length. On one end, it is connected to the stomach and on the other it is connected to the large intestine. The small bowel can be susceptible to blockage, whether full or partial, which can keep waste and gas from passing through. In some cases, surgery may be needed where the diseased section of the bowel is removed and the ends are reconnected.
The colon is also called the large bowel or large intestine, and it may require surgery for a variety of reasons including colon cancer, intestinal blockage, diverticulitis (disease of the colon), polyps, infection, bleeding, volvulus (a twisted bowel) and intussusception (where the colon slides in on itself). The most common surgery on the colon is known as a large bowel resection, where the surgeon removes the diseased part of the colon and reconnects the ends.
The rectum is the last few inches of the colon, the section leading to the anus. Although rectal cancer can be difficult to operate on, today rectal cancer is able to be cured in many cases. Symptoms include bleeding from the rectum, anemia, fatigues, bowel obstruction and weight loss. Although chemotherapy is sometimes used, surgery to remove the cancer often results in remission.
There are a number of reasons someone may need to undergo anus surgery. These include anal fistula (clogging of an anal gland), rectal prolapse (where the large intestine slips through the anus), fecal incontinence, anal fissure (tear in the anus), pilonidal cyst (a pocket of pus and hair below the tailbone) and anal warts.
Inflammatory Bowel Disease
There are several types of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), depending on severity of symptoms and location of disease. A major cause of IBD is Crohn’s disease, which may affect different parts of the digestive tract, but usually affects the small bowel and the colon. There are several surgical options including strictureplasty, resection, colectomy and removal of abscesses and fistulas.